UN and Australian autonomous sanctions
Sanctions impose restrictions on activities that relate to particular countries, goods and services, persons or entities. Australian sanction laws implement United Nation Security Council (UNSC) sanctions regimes and Australian autonomous sanctions regimes.
The Commonwealth of Australia Autonomous Sanctions Act 2011 includes regulations designed to drive a strict liability regime under which Australian organisations (including universities) could be liable if they are unable to demonstrate that they have taken 'reasonable precautions' and 'exercised due diligence' in the development and implementation of industry specific Autonomous Sanctions (AS) related policies, procedures and educational/training programs.
Only a few types of sanctions measures apply to activities routinely undertaken by universities, and not all sanctions apply to every country. For Research Higher Degree admissions and enrolment, the primary risk is the provision of a "sanctioned service" involving specific types of training or dealing with a "designated person or entity". More information about Sanctions including how they are implemented and enforced is available from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
Countries on the UN and Autonomous Sanctions list as of February 2015 are as follows:
- Burma (Myanmar)
- Central African Republic
- Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
- South Sudan
- Ukraine (including Crimea and Sevastopol)
Up to date details on sanction regimes and country specific sanctions can be found on the DFAT website here.
Of particular relevance to UQ is the provision of technical training or assistance related to military activities and/or the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of arms and related material of all types including; weapons, ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, spare parts and accessories for the former. This includes goods present on the Defence and Strategic Goods List (DSGL), including ‘dual use goods’ which may not be of a military nature.
Iran, Syria, Russia and Ukraine (Crimea and Sevastopol) also have specific sanctions in terms of ‘export sanctioned goods’. The provision of technical training or assistance in the use, development, manufacture or maintenance of these goods is also of relevance to the University.
For all applicants who are a citizen of a country listed above, including those who are a permanent resident or hold dual citizenship of Australia, the Graduate School is required to complete an assessment of the proposed research project against current sanction regimes. In some cases a review by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) is also required.
The assessment will include the nature of the research project as well as the goods and equipment that will be used throughout the program.
This will mean that an application for admission and scholarship may take longer to process. In order to assist UQ with the sanctions assessment applicants should submit a 2-4 page research proposal with their application.
Unfortunately some applicants may not be able to study their intended or preferred research topic, and a revision of the research project for Research Higher Degree study may be required.